The ancient Romans had a variety of beds: “sleeping”, “drinking” and even a bed for study. We have other furniture for dining, work and study, but we also have a great variety of beds. What kind of beds are there in the modern world – this is our “unifying” material.
Functionally, a bed refers to lying furniture (and a wardrobe, for example, refers to storage furniture). This group is quite extensive: it includes a couch, an ottoman, a bench, a sofa bed, an armchair bed. All of these products are designed for relaxation and recuperation in different places and situations. Depending on what cases the bed is intended for, it may have some additional functions. This is how the following classification of beds arises.
According to their purpose, the beds are household and specialized. As you might guess, household beds are the ones that are in our bedroom. This includes things for both adults and children. Whether it is a couch, a couch or a sofa bed – if it is in a residential building or in the country, it is considered household furniture.
Specialized beds are those that are used for a very specific purpose. This category includes, for example, medical beds. They are originally designed so that the sick lie on them, therefore they have wheels, sections that can be raised and lowered, electrically. Medical beds are very often equipped with special bases and mattresses.
Another type of “mass use” beds is furniture for hotels or kindergartens. Such beds may not differ externally from our usual “home” copies. But more often than not, specialized furniture is made according to an individual project. Each customer has functional requirements for such furniture. First of all, it is strength, durability and reliability. In this case, the bed must correspond to the corporate style. In an economy class hotel the bed will be discreet, and in a “presidential” hotel it will be made of natural materials and decorated with designer decorative elements. There cannot be identical furniture in institutions of such a different class. In this case, the price of a specialized bed must correspond to its qualities.
Cots for newborns can also be attributed to specialized furniture. The two main distinguishing features of this group are miniature size and high fences to prevent the baby from falling out of the crib. Modern baby beds can also be transformed. In stores, there are often models on wheels and cribs that can be rocked.
What is the bed made of? We are one of the first to ask this question in the store. A modern bed can be made of wood, metal, or plastic. The latter are almost never sold with us, except for inflatable products made of polymer materials. Beds made of natural wood are considered “noble” and the safest furniture for health. Other wood-based materials are chipboard and MDF. They make furniture that is inexpensive and resistant to wear (a kind of “standard” category). Metal beds can be wrought iron or welded. Mass products are produced by industrial, welding method. Wrought iron beds are unique pieces. They can be author’s or serial.
If we talk about “circulation”, furniture can be mass, serial or experimental. The first category is the most numerous. This includes those products that are produced in factories in large quantities. As a rule, these are beds made of inexpensive materials (chipboard, pine). The production of such products is not particularly difficult – it does not require expensive equipment or manual labor. But for the production of serial furniture, both may well be needed. Serial products are produced in certain batches (collections). One “issue” may have 5,000 copies, or maybe ten. Subsequently, the collection can be repeated several times.
Experimental furniture is usually not widely marketed. But it can be seen in furniture magazines, at exhibitions, and if you’re lucky – at factory tests. Experimental furniture helps to understand which products should or should not be launched into serial and mass production. Prototypes allow us to determine how long the furniture will serve, what loads it can withstand and whether consumers will be comfortable sleeping on a round bed. It is impossible to check this on a computer model – only on real prototypes.
The design of the bed can also vary. Most often, we choose regular box beds, which are sold assembled. They can be collapsible (when the product can be disassembled and reassembled) or non-collapsible (the elements of the bed are fastened tightly). If you want to sleep on a bed that leans against the wall, you need built-in furniture. It is usually made to order. In addition, there are wicker beds – the name reflects the features of their design. Sofa beds are convertible furniture. Its main difference is that it can change its appearance by moving parts also some higher quality mattress toppers make them comfortable.
In addition to “serious factory”, there are also “small consumer” classifications. For example, the shape of the bed is divided into traditional rectangular and non-standard round; by design – into classic and avant-garde. The widths of the beds are divided into single, one and a half and double beds. At the same time, buyers and sellers do not always adhere to strict standards. For example, many people call beds one and a half meters wide double beds, although in fact the classification of beds by width looks like this :
-70-110 cm wide – single beds;
– 110-160 cm wide – one and a half;
– from 160 cm wide and further – double beds.