Every system has some weaknesses in relation to thesecurity of the system. The hackers take advantage of these weaknesses to entera system and gain unauthorized access to the information of the system. So, tostop this malicious act, cybersecurity specialists or analysts are appointed.They develop the security system and locate the weaknesses of the system. Thelocated areas of risk are modified for the safety of the system. This enablesthe company’s computer system and network to stay free of malicious acts and toprotect important information. In recent years, there is an increase in thenumber of cybercrimes with respect to which the cybersecurity sector is alsodeveloping day by day. The constant evolution of the sector brings muchresponsibility, and the work area broadens. According to studies, the demandfor a professional cybersecurity analyst is increasing rapidly. The employment,in this case, is more than in any other area. This is because the companies andorganizations are always under the threat of their information being leaked byunethical hackers. So, they are always in look for cybersecurity specialistswho can keep their systems safe from such frauds.
There are certain prerequisites for starting acareer in cybersecurity. One has to obtain a bachelor’s degree in the domain’smaths, IT, or computer science. The CISA Certification Training has a great impact on building a career in thissector. Many companies are in search of CISA certified professionals to managethe company’s security issues. Another certification, namely, InformationSystems Auditor Certification (ISAC), is also in demand. This proves a person’scapabilities in managing cybersecurity issues and solve the vulnerability ofthe system to cyber fraud and attacks. The certification makes sure that theperson is well trained on how to implement the preventive protocols and reportcompliance.
Being a professional in this area, thecybersecurity professional has to play many roles and take variousresponsibilities. They are required to have expertise in different IT networks,starting from banking, retail, defense, and sometimes the roles extend towardsgovernment needs. It also covers cloud computing and payment criteria. For thesafety of the system, the major roles that the professional has are as follows:
This role is the basic role that every cybersecurity specialist plays. The specialist has to analyze the risk and make attempts to manage the risk as much as possible. The specialist, with his knowledge, can advise the company on how to eliminate the different possible risks.
Threat management and forensics
– As we know, that the keeping role of the IT specialist is to check on the vulnerabilities and keep the attackers out of the system. But after the attack has occurred, the specialist plays a forensic role. He has to look into the security breach and find out the reason for the same. He also has to locate the area of the problem and mention the short term and long-term effects.
Operations and security management
– This role involves the work of keeping the information and data safe in the computer, laptop, or mobile system and network. Various tools are available for keeping the attackers out of the system like firewalls, encryption, etc. which can be used as preventive measures. Constant and careful monitoring needs to be done, and the emphasis is to be given to the safety of the system on a regular basis.
– Ethical hacking is otherwise called penetration testing. The professional, sometimes, may require to get into the security system of the computer to trace out the vulnerabilities. It is different from unethical hacking in the way that, in this case, is done with the permission of the owner to make the security of the system more effective.
The employer expects the professional to workalmost 30-40 hours a week. Few employers even ask for a background check tomake sure that they hire an ethical and qualified person. Sometimes there maybe a need for overtime due to any security breach. If a person works as a self-employedor on a contractual basis, he does not have to go on a regular office visit andcan comfortably work from home. But when it comes to the cybersecurity forensicproblem, the professional has to get involved more into the matters of thecompany like expert advice in court cases or prove as a witness. There is eventhe scope of developing one’s own consulting firm after having a few years ofexperience.
Every business at some point or the other has the risk of being prone to cyber-attacks. Companies need to look after cybersecurity for them as well as their clients. Skilled cybersecurity analysts are needed to protect both the business and their clients. This career option can create great scope for individuals.